Recently we had the birthday of the great tribal warrior Birsa Munda. On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Rani Kamalapati station in Bhopal and started many new schemes for the welfare of tribals.
The number of tribals in Madhya Pradesh is far more than all other states. They are the most poor and neglected people in India. During the British era, they suffered many atrocities; they passed through the storms of religious conversion and even after independence, there was no significant change in their condition. However the Chief Minister of MP Shivraj Singh Chouhan has taken many such initiatives for the upliftment of the tribals, which should be emulated by almost all the states. Now the tribals will not need to go to the cities on foot or by other means to get their ration. Now they will get ration at their houses only.
There are such tribal areas in Madhya Pradesh, in which many old people told me that they never travelled by road from their 'Patal Lok'. They don't even know how a village or a city looks like? They satisfy their hunger by eating grains, flowers, leaves, vegetables, fruits and meat of animals in their forests. In most of their areas men and women remain naked. When they fall ill, they treat themselves with wild herbs. They don't know what the light of an electric bulb and tap water are like. Now they will also get a medical card so that they can get their treatment done. From this day, 50 Eklavya Adarsh Vidyalayas will also be established across the country, in which tribal children will be given free facilities for education, residence and food.
There was also a display of useful items and artefacts made by tribal people in Bhopal on this day. If the Indian government starts trading these tribal items on a large scale, then crores of people will get employment and their standard of living will automatically rise. For the welfare of the tribals of the country, the government of Madhya Pradesh has chosen this day because on this day (15 November) the great tribal warrior Birsa Munda was born. Birsa Munda lived hardly 25 years but in this short period he had fought such a tremendous struggle for the tribal people that it shook the throne of London.
Birsa was born in 1875 and died in 1900. He vehemently opposed the conversion campaign of the British. He said that the British government is strengthening slavery in India in the name of Christianity and they are increasing slavery by trapping the tribals through greed, fear, cheating etc. Birsa started his own tribal religion. The British imprisoned young Birsa and later he died in jail. Many films have been made on Birsa Munda, novels have been written and the tribal people treat him like a god.